1991 Calendar Photos
The Photographs of John Martin
John Martin was a Scotsman representing a group of London investors, arriving in White County in the early 1870's. He begin investing in gold mines and, in the 1880's purchased the Hamby Ditch, giving him control of the hydraulic mining from Dukes Creek to the north side of Helen. His most profitable mine was the Martin Mine and the associated Reynolds Vein. He was active in both hydraulic and shaft mining until about 1910. These photographs were taken to acquire capital to create a town at Parks, to open a shaft at Parks and to build a reservoir on the highlands on the south side of Dukes Creek. He did build the reservoir and provided water to mine the south side of Dukes Creek. The town of Parks and the opening of the Parks shaft were not realized. He built Nora's Mill and Dam and the still standing home across the road. In addition to mining activities he purchased large tracts of mountain land that later became the foundation of the Bird Matthews Lumber Company.